Origin of the tea ceremony
Tea ceremony originated in China. Chinese at least before tang dynasty or tang dynasty, in the first place in the world to the tea drinking as a way of cultivate one's morality raises a gender, "the seal's smell" in the tang dynasty has such records: "tea line, princes in all the drinkers." Tea drinking, tea drinking and other tea ceremonies were widely practiced and became popular at that time. This is the earliest recorded tea ceremony in the existing literature. It can be seen that the earliest and most complete tea ceremony process was the Fried tea ceremony created by lu yu in tang dynasty. Lu wen made a very vivid description of the elegant atmosphere of tea banquet and the wonderful flavor of tea tasting in the preface of tea banquet on March 3.
Environment of tea drinking in tang and song dynasty years, etiquette, operating mode such as tea instrument cheng is very exquisite, with the established rules and rituals, tea feast for tea feast, temple court banquet feast, literati tea tea. There is also a profound understanding of the role of tea in self-cultivation.
Was a tea lovers, he thought the taste with the fragrance of the tea, can make people spare and peace and fun: "if to tea by material, good at ou of fujian and delicate, bell is the spirit of mountains and rivers, remove the front polyester lag, to guide and, other than shallow boy can be learned. Dan Dan in the middle, high to quiet "
In the second year of the southern song dynasty (1191), Japanese monk rong xi brought tea seeds from China to Japan. In the late southern song dynasty (AD 1259) Japan nanpu brought to Jackson came to learn from JingShanSi of yuhang county, zhejiang province in our country, to communicate the temple tea feast meter range, introducing the Chinese tea ceremony in Japan for the first time in China the earliest disseminator of tea ceremony in Japan. There is a clear record of this in the Japanese book of the cluster of famous things: "from the beginning of the tea ceremony, the kaishan nanpu zhaoming was introduced from the song dynasty in the middle of the zhengyuan dynasty before chongfu temple was built." Japan's "the legend of the high priest of this dynasty" also has: "nanpu zhaoming returned from the song dynasty and brought the tea platform and tea props to chongfu temple in the same way".
Until the Japanese hideyoshi era (1536-1598, equivalent to the mid and late Ming dynasty) thousand rikyu become the Japanese tea ceremony after the monk, was held high the flag of "tea ceremony", and according to the book of songs sums up four rules: the tea ceremony "and, respect, qing, ji", the basic theory is obviously influenced by the Chinese tea ceremony essence and form, its main instrument process framework specification is originated from China.
Chinese tea ceremony in early, but unfortunately although China early puts forward the concept of "tea ceremony", also in the field of the practice exploration, then failed to stand up in the name of "tea ceremony" to develop the cause, no specification has a traditional tea ceremony etiquette. Chinese tea ceremony can be said to emphasize spirit rather than form. Some scholars think that the necessary ceremony for the banner of "tea ceremony" is more important, without ceremony light claimed to have "tea", although can't say can't, can make a tea, that seems to generalization, eventually "way can way, very way".
Tea is a very simple thing. It can be done simply by two actions: putting tea leaves and pouring water. But in the tea ceremony, that set of ceremony is too complex or too fastidious, the ordinary people certainly will not make the daily matter so complicated.
In fact, the Chinese tea ceremony is not only satisfied with the invention of the tea to cultivate one's morality raises a gender specification and rituals, but more boldly to explore the essence of tea to human health, creatively to the tea and the organic integration of a variety of natural ingredients such as Chinese medicine, the role of make tea in health care can be greatly enhanced, and obtained a bigger development space, this is the Chinese tea ceremony the most practical value, is also one thousand years has been much attention and love of charm.
The way tea was served in the tang dynasty and the tea soup in the tang dynasty was completely different from our concept today. In the tang dynasty, tea was cut up and ground into powder. "Tea" is a kind of special used to sieve tea tea powder). Add boiling water into a paste, as well as to add salt, green onion, ginger, orange peel, mint, etc., similar to a terrible "hu hot soup". No wonder, then, that the sheer odour and imagination of this "tea soup" can be refreshing and keep you awake.
The tea ceremony of the tang dynasty spread to later generations and disappeared completely on the land of China after one hundred years of yuan dynasty rule.Instead, the Japanese tea ceremony retained a part of the tang tea ceremony.The tea brewing in the yuan dynasty has been carried to this day, but there is no trace of "tao" here.Today in China of the so-called "tea ceremony", "tea culture", the so-called "' attendance and JianJing 'thought" of tea ceremony, and a variety of pinch gesture, is full of nearly 30 years to snoop puzzle to wall fabricated bullshit.The so-called "study of tea culture", of course, is mostly nonsense.There is even more absurd so-called a few years of pu 'er tea cake price yu-million propaganda, it is almost like fraud.This is the so-called absence of the device, the tao is no longer.
Therefore, although the word "tea ceremony" has been used for more than one thousand years since the tang dynasty, it has not been used in such reference books as xinhua dictionary, dictionary of the sea of words and etymology.
Tea ceremony belongs to eastern culture.The difference between eastern culture and western culture lies in that there is often no scientific and accurate definition of eastern culture, and the individual has to rely on his own understanding to get close to it and understand it.As early as the tang dynasty in China, there was the word "tea ceremony", for example, in the book of feng shi wen jian ji, "and because of the theory of hung - chien, widely embellish it, so the tea ceremony was a great journey."In the tang dynasty, liu zhenliang also explicitly put forward in ten virtues of tea drinking: "tea can be used as a way of doing business and tea can be elegant."The litterateur wang xinjian said in the poem "ode to tea" : a thousand choice white clouds, copper pot roast Fried firewood fire Fried.Clay pot mellow fragrance to increase poetic interest, porcelain ou green reek joy.Lao wudao nourishes yazhi, yuan liang talks about dispelling vulgarity.How can we keep the original source fresh without suffering from nirvana?
Tea ceremony is a kind of behavior art that expresses certain etiquette, personality, artistic conception, aesthetic viewpoint and spiritual thought through tea tasting.It is the combination of tea art and spirit, and shows spirit through tea art.It flourished in the tang dynasty, flourished in the song and Ming dynasties and declined in the qing dynasty.The main content of Chinese tea ceremony pays attention to the beauty of five sceneries, namely tea, tea water, fire, tea set and environment.Called the esthetic religion, the Japanese tea ceremony, which takes harmony, respect, qing dynasty and silence as its basic spirit, inherits the legacy of the tang and song dynasties.
Dig deep into the connotation of Chinese culture and explore the revival of Chinese culture.Tea culture not only belongs to the category of Chinese culture, is the standard in every detail for tea with courtesy, exquisite tea, tea, temperature, tea sets, environment, and drinkers accomplishment, emotion together to form a kind of artistic conception beauty.
The connotation of tea culture is a concrete manifestation of the connotation of Chinese culture.Spirit connotation of tea culture is through the tea and tea, the smell of tea, tea, tea and other habits and the cultural connotation of the ritual combined to form a distinct characteristic of Chinese culture of a kind of cultural phenomenon, also can saying is a kind of etiquette.